Range Cattle

MCE raises 1,650 head of black Angus cattle on 38,000 acres.  Calving begins in  February and the calves are sold through a video livestock auction in the fall. The Range Program provides training in horsemanship, herd management (breeding, calving, vaccinating, branding, and marketing), horse-shoeing, and range management for twelve inmates.


Thirty inmates milk 350 Holstein cows two times per day. The milk is used in the processing plant to produce packaged milk, ice cream, cottage cheese, butter, buttermilk, yogurt and cream for facilities around the state. The excess raw milk is sold to a cooperative in Montana.


Alfalfa, grass, barley and oats are raised on 2,800 acres of cropland for the Range and Dairy programs.  Thirty inmates move twelve miles of hand-line irrigation pipes utilizing gravity-fed water from five dams located on MCE Ranch lands.

Land Management

MCE implements short and long-term water, weed, range and forest management plans for better utilization of ranch natural resources. The plans are implemented in cooperation with Powell County, United States Forest Service, and the Montana Departments of Agriculture and Natural Resources & Conservation. See the Montana Department of Agriculture Biennial Noxious Weed Report.

MCE also operates a Hunting program for the public, managing elk and deer populations on the ranch.  See our Hunting Access Rules & Map and the MCE Archery Only Land Use Permit Form.  Here is a copy of our 2019 Hunting Report that discusses the program in detail and provides statistics from the 2019 - 2020 Hunting Season.